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Crude Protein is the protein derived from protein meals and grains. Crude protein may alternatively be listed as ‘protein’ and ‘total protein’. Equivalent Crude Protein is protein derived from gut bacteria.
Health is imperative and plays a significant role in the value of livestock. Supplementary feeding presents an extensive number of benefits to livestock. It will sustain and support livestock’s requirement for protein, energy, phosphorus and nutrients. Mortality rate, fertility rate, age, weight and genetic potential are all productivity measures that are greatly influenced by nutrition and are correlated.

There are several signs that indicate nutritional deficiencies in livestock including pasture quality, weight loss, change in appearance of dung and manure, poor appetite and change in coat.
Nutrients are elements that provide sustenance and nourishment. There are five distinct and broad categories of nutrients that are required by stock.
  • Water
    The most important nutrient. Water should be freshclean and accessible all year round. Water is essential for digestion, cooling the body and holding food nutrients and waste products. 
  • Energy
    Energy derived from carbohydrates and fats boost movement and produce heat to keep the body at an ideal temperature.  
  • Protein
    Proteins consist of amino acids which enhances the development of body tissues such as muscle, organs, bones, blood and skin.  
  • Vitamins
    Vitamins can be categorised as water soluble or fat soluble. They are only required in small amounts and help maintain eye, nasal, lung, blood and bone health.  
  • Minerals
    Minerals are only required in small amounts to assist in strengthening and building of bones and teeth. Three key minerals include sodium, calcium and phosphorus. 
Phosphorus is essential for the tissues and fluids in cattle as it has an influence on many body functions including energy transfer reactions; hence why, it affects all behaviours in the body such as growth and reproduction.

Phosphorus deficiency is an issue in Northern Australia due to the low levels of phosphorus in various soils. It is essential to test for phosphorus since every property is different. During the wet season, livestock require additional sources of phosphorus such as our Wet Season lick to achieve reproduction performance and development.

Signs of phosphorus deficiency: 

  • Reduced growth rate  
  • Reduced fertility 
  • Reduced milk 
  • Depraved appetite: Chewing foreign material such as bones, dirt or stones 
  • Poor bone formation 
  • Weight loss 
  • Peg Leg 
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